Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with numerous relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes.[3] Much more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from quite a few clothes, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they soon fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and muske pidzame is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a very good several Other people within the Portuguese. Consequently Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently used in London outlets. A buddy furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 decades in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it's due to White Ants."[10]


Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants mix fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[12] Many individuals opt to snooze or lounge in only the pajama pants, possibly with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed muske pidzame PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They can be alternatively uncommon.
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Present-day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in fashion including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[15] of varying size,[sixteen] or, every now and then, 1-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating several products. Chiefly within the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are popular. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.

Even though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume top over shorts or brief pants.[18]

Pajamas might these days consult with Females's mixture daywear, particularly muske pidzame in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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