Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Additional frequently, pajamas may make reference to numerous garments, for the two daywear and nightwear, derived from classic pajamas and involving versions of fashion and content.

The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][6] The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans throughout East India Business rule in India.[7][8]

The worldwide use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by a variety of individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of assorted lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs More ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was often the case with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-pants mixture made of smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element commonly features a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys will often be offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called More a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.

Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include short sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[15] of various duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, a single-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.

Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter like a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume top rated around shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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